Macedonia is a region of Greece. Macedonia with the same name also references a different area, a country known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and that had been part of the old Yugoslavia, and joined the United Nations as an independent nation with this name. Greece claims the single name "Macedonia" for its section; nationalism, history, identity, all collide, see http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/MacedonianGreekConflict/shea.html;
and then, http://www.unitedmacedonians.org/macedonia/stefov1.html
- Macedonia. The total area was Macedon, and a great king, Philip II, born 382 BC, ruled 360-336 BC, made it great in the ancient world, see http://www.livius.org/phi-php/philip/philip_ii.htm (that site extends into four sections).
- Philip was the father of Alexander the Great, Philip's Grave is believed to be at the Great Tumulus in Vergina, but little remains of its grandeur. See Archeology Odyssey magazine, March-April 2005 at p. 32ff, article by Greek archeologist Manolis Andronicos. The access to the tumulus is through a climate-controlled structure extending underground